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The A-Z of IT

This week for Tech Tuesdays we are going to be going over the common IT acronyms that you've probably heard of, but never understood.

We will start simple, we all see the options for when we are sending an email, but did you know what those CC and BCC acronyms mean? CC is Carbon Copy and BCC is Blind Carbon Copy, and it means that the addressees and the people CC’d in on the email can see each other, but they cannot see who was BCC’d into the email. One of the other more common ones is USB – which stands for Universal Serial Bus, which can connect the computer with files, keyboards, printers and cameras etc.

Let’s step it up a bit, a BYTE is a storage unit for data, and the storage sizes go from Kilobyte (KB) to Megabyte (MB), to Gigabyte (GB), and finally to Terabyte (TB). Basic aspects to a computer include a CPU (Central Processing Unit), which is essentially the brain of a computer, LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) is a type of computer screen and OS (Operating System) is the main program that runs on a computer when it starts up automatically (like Microsoft Windows). RAM (Random Access Memory) is the space inside the computer that can be accessed at one time and increasing the amount of RAM increases the speed of the computer, because more of a program can be loaded at one time. SSD (Solid State Drive) is a modern type of hard drive with no moving parts.

So, now when someone tells you they BCC’d you into an email regarding a USB, and they want your recommendation regarding a new computer, with at least 128GB of SSD storage, a good CPU, an LCD, a Windows OS, and at least 8GB of RAM, you should know exactly what they are talking about ;)

Here is a comprehensive list we've put together of the most commonly used IT terms:

  • AI - Short for artificial intelligence, AI refers to the development of computer systems to perform tasks like speech recognition and object assessment.
  • DNS - This stands for Domain Name Server; this can help recognize an IP address used by a domain name.
  • HDD - This is an acronym for Hard Disk Drive, the traditional spinning drives that store information.
  • HDMI - High Definition Multimedia Interface
  • HTML - HyperText Markup Language formats information so it can be transported on the Internet.
  • HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol is a set of instructions for the software that controls the movement of files on the Internet.
  • IaaS - This acronym stands for Infrastructure as a Service. It means a service that provides data storage and servers remotely for clients.
  • IP - This stands for Internet Protocol which is the set of rules that govern the systems connected to the Internet. IP Address is a digital code specific to each computer that is hooked up to the Internet.
  • ISP - The Internet Service Provider is the company which provides Internet service so you can connect your computer to the Internet.
  • LAN - This stands for Local Area Network, which consists of the servers that your computer connects to in your local area.
  • PC - This is the abbreviation for personal computer. It originally referred to computers that were IBM compatible.
  • ROM - This is Read Only Memory, which is the instruction for the computer and cannot be altered.
  • SaaS - This stands for Software as a Service and refers to on-demand software stored in the cloud.
  • SEO - This is an acronym for Search Engine Optimization.
  • URL - This is the Uniform Resource Locator, which is a path to a certain file on the World Wide Web. It is what you may also call the web address.
  • VGA - The Video Graphics Array is a system for displaying graphics. It was developed by IBM.
  • VPN - This stands for Virtual Private Network and is used to represent a secure connection between a network and a user.
  • VR - Virtual Reality simulates a three-dimensional scene on the computer and has the capability of interaction. This is widely used in gaming.

So, there you have it, the A-Z of IT! We hope we have helped you learn something today.

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